What is the difference between fundamental and technical analysis?

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Other topics: Finance
Short answer:
  • The process of analyzing a stock on the grounds of its financial stability and sustainability to determine its intrinsic worth or fair market value is known as fundamental analysis.
  • Technical analysis analyzes the price action of individual stocks or any trading instrument independent of the fundamentals or financials of the company. It is done based on the volume traded and the patterns observed in the movement of the security's price. J. Welles Wilder developed this method in the late 19th century.
Stock Analysis, Source: Project Nile

Regarding addressing the markets, there are two primary schools of thinking: fundamental analysis and technical analysis. However, these two schools of thought are on opposing sides of the spectrum. Both are tools traders and investors use to research and estimate future stock values. Both have their supporters and detractors, just like any other investment technique or ideology.[1]

There needs to be a foolproof method for predicting the market's behavior. There has never been a system for analyzing markets that have ever produced a success percentage of one hundred percent. Every approach has certain shortcomings, depending on the market circumstances. To become a successful counselor or trader, it is essential to understand which research approach will likely include the fewest flaws given the circumstances. Using this strategy will give the best chance of getting an appropriate suggestion.

So the question remains: Which research approach is most appropriate for the specific sort of investor or trader?[edit]

Providing a satisfactory response to this question requires considering several distinct aspects. The technical analysis is the most applicable if you are a day trader interested in profiting from the market momentum. If, on the other hand, you are one of those investors who want to make their trades and then forget about them for a significant amount of time, then fundamental analysis is what you need.[2]

What exactly is involved in Fundamental Analysis?[edit]

Fundamental analysis determines the true worth of a particular asset or security. Knowing the elements that influence a firm's stock value from various perspectives is required for a fundamental study (both micro and macro). The goal of fundamental analysis is to estimate a security's value, which is then compared to the price at which the security is currently trading on the market. This allows one to determine if the security is over or under-valued and whether it makes total sense to make a long-term investment in the security at its current price.[3]

What exactly is meant by "Technical Analysis"?[edit]

The goal of technical analysis is to anticipate a company's future price movements by understanding its historical price movements and using that knowledge. To forecast how prices will move in the future, a technical analyst will study charts of short-term and long-term stock prices and other indicators (such as Bollinger bands and Relative Strength Indicators, among others).[4]

The following is a list of the primary distinctions between fundamental and technical analysis[5][6][edit]

Basis of Comparison Fundamental Analysis Technical Analysis
Purpose The fundamental analysis of a specific stock is conducted to determine the market value of the stock. Technical analysis is conducted to pinpoint the optimal moment for entering the market to make investments or exit it to take profits.
Application An entity's financial performance may be broken down into patterns, which can be analyzed using fundamental analysis. To put it another way, the objective of doing a fundamental analysis is to investigate the essential aspects of a stock. Technical analysis is used to comprehend the share price patterns of a company. In other words, the primary emphasis of technical analysis is on the statistics pertaining to the volume and price of stocks.
Date Range
The past and the present are both considered while doing fundamental analysis. The only emphasis of technical analysis is on past data.
Data Source Data is gathered for fundamental analysis from various sources, including but not limited to financial statements, economic reports, brokerage analysis, management procedures, industry statistics, and news events. Chart analysis is where data is derived for use in technical analysis.
Operation Functions having to do with investments often make use of fundamental analysis. The use of technical analysis serves trading-related functions.
Objective The assessment of economic forecasts, continuing market dynamics, financial data, and the behavior of competitive organizations may be aided by using fundamental analysis. The psychology of the market may also be analyzed via technical analysis in addition to price changes.
Time frame The use of fundamental analysis is appropriate for investments focusing on the long term. The use of technical analysis is appropriate for investments that are designed to be held for a relatively short period.
Rationale for decision making
In fundamental analysis, decisions are made based on both the knowledge that is currently available and the statistical data that has been analyzed. In technical analysis, decisions are made based on factors such as current prices and the general direction of the markets.
Indicators Revenues, Expenses, assets, liabilities, debt-equity ratios, return on equity ratios, and other financial metrics are analyzed as part of fundamental analysis. Charts with various data, including prices, are used in technical analysis. Numerous technical signals, including EMA, RSI, MACD, and moving averages, are used often.

Fundamental or Technical Analysis: Which Is Preferable?[edit]

John Maynard Keynes, a British economist, was quoted as saying at one point that “the markets can remain irrational longer than you can remain solvent.” Although the concept of "intrinsic" worth is a "subjective" one, there may be a significant disparity between the market value of a stock and its "intrinsic" or "potential" value.[7]

According to Philip Fisher, an American investor, “the stock market is filled with individuals who know the price of everything, but the value of nothing.”[8]

Although the stock could be inexpensive for someone to purchase, the person selling it might find it rather pricey. That is how a deal is carried out. It requires a purchaser as well as a vendor.

Therefore, if an investor is confident that the market is not accurately pricing the company based on fundamentals, it's essential to evaluate both the fundamental and technical trends to determine whether or not the price movement is robust and sufficient for the scrip to go higher.

Both fundamental and technical assessments have distinct sets of benefits and drawbacks. The most effective tactic is first to ascertain the requirements of the investors and then, on the base of those prerequisites, settle on a particular way of investigation.

To create a watch list, traders and investors can use both of these approaches concurrently. If the signals produced by the fundamental and technical analyses align, they can join the trade and start earning money. Fundamental analysis can help understand the economic cycle of a company, and technical analysis could then justify this information and provide earning opportunities. These analyses can combine to achieve the objective of making profitable trades, which is why fundamental and technical studies are often used in conjunction.[9]


  1. "Technical Analysis That Indicates Market Psychology". Investopedia. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  2. "When to Use Fundamental, Technical, and Quantitative Analysis". Investopedia. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  3. "Fundamental Analysis: Principles, Types, and How to Use It". Investopedia. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  4. "Fundamental Analysis: Principles, Types, and How to Use It". Investopedia. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  5. Team, Wallstreetmojo Editorial (2022-01-08). "Fundamental Analysis". WallStreetMojo. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  6. "Stock Analysis". Investopedia. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  7. "The Markets Can Remain Irrational Longer Than You Can Remain Solvent". uk.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  8. "19 Best Philip Fisher Quotes On Investing". Investopaper. Retrieved 2022-11-15.
  9. "Blending Technical and Fundamental Analysis". Investopedia. Retrieved 2022-11-15.