How does AI art work?

2023 © Wikiask
Main topic: Tech
Short answer: AI has the ability to create visual, aural, and written art. It uses datasets and finds coherent patterns using machine learning algorithms to create new artworks.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been used to create visual artwork that has become popular with the advent of neural networks like Dall-E..[1]

AI creates visual arts using generative adversarial network (GAN) algorithms[edit]

Harold Cohen, one of the original developers of AI art, designed the software AARON in 1973 to generate pictures that adhered to a set of principles he devised. Throughout the remainder of his career, Cohen continued to improve and modify AARON, but the program's essential architecture of doing duties as ordered by the artist remained unchanged. Recent advancements in AI and machine learning enable the computer to generate pictures with more autonomy.

When creating art, the algorithms learn a specific aesthetic by examining millions of photos rather than following a set of rules. The algorithm then attempts to develop pictures that comply with its learned aesthetics. The programmer curate sets of photos as input for the algorithm.[2]

In recent years, most AI artworks have been created using generative adversarial networks (GANs), a type of AI algorithm. It has two phases. The first creates random pictures, and the second takes input on evaluating these images. It then uses machine learning to understand which aligns best with the inputs provided.[3]

For instance, an artist may feed pictures from the last 500 years to a generative AI system. The algorithms then attempt to replicate these inputs by generating various output pictures. The programmers must sift through the output photographs and pick those they want to utilize.

AI of neural networks like Dall-E uses NLP (Natural language processing) to understand the user's intent and generate art based on datasets it has received during machine learning.

laughing baby in space with cheese in his hands
Dall-E mini creates images with text prompts.

AI understands intent of art and range of emotions it would evoke[edit]

Achlioptas and his colleagues have compiled a new dataset known as ArtEmis, which just released as an arXiv preprint. The collection is based on about eigthy thousand of WIkiArt artworks. It comprises over four hundred and fifty thousand written replies from seven thousand individuals expressing how a picture makes them feel and reasons for why they picked a certain feeling.

Achlioptas and his colleagues, under the direction of Stanford professor Leonidas Guibas, built neural speakers based on the dataset. A neural speaker is an artificial intelligence that responds in written language. It enables computers to produce emotional reactions to visual art and provide arguments in writing to support those feelings.[4]

AI in musical arts[edit]

AI must ingest a colossal collection of chords, melodies, and rhythms to understand its patterns, and generate various outputs until it develops a compelling model. The algorithm will learn the distinctive characteristics of the music and then generate new music depending on the data it has received. [5]

AI in writing[edit]

AI algorithm uses NLP (Natural language processing) to make human input language understandable to software. It is capable of summarizing, sentiment analysis, text classification, etc. AI is used to understand reading preferences, link books spanning various genres with consumers, anticipate best-selling books, generate data-driven works, and edit manuscripts. News agencies and financial companies are using AI for creative writing.[6]


  1. "DALL·E: Creating Images from Text". OpenAI. 2021-01-05. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  2. "AI-Generated Art: From Text to Images & Beyond [Examples]". Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  3. Creativity, Machine’s (2021-09-27). "Artificial Art: How GANs are making machines creative". Medium. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  4. "ArtEmis: Affective Language for Visual Art". ArtEmis: Affective Language for Visual Art. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  5. Deahl, Dani (2018-08-31). "How AI-generated music is changing the way hits are made". The Verge. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  6. "Natural Language Processing (NLP): 7 Key Techniques". MonkeyLearn Blog. 2021-10-19. Retrieved 2022-10-09.